Two Ancient Reads From One Number Set. My intent is demonstrate how both the larger Egyptian cubit and the standard Palestinian cubit come from a certain division of these numbers. Above is the traditional arrangement of the 3 x 3 number square. There are many more solutions. With those, the following must be constant:

- Number 5 must occupy the center in all arrangements.
- Even numbers must occupy the four corners.
- Odd numbers must be set on the perimeter between two even numbers.
- However, even number can trade places with even numbers. Odd numbers can trad places with odd numbers.

For the blog of *“two ancient reads*” we consider only the traditional arrangement. First we must see who gave rise to realizing this division of the square of three in the particular manner that I will present. **Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān** (Arabic: جابر بن حیان, Persian: جابر بن حیان, often given the nisbahs al-Bariqi, al-Azdi, al-Kufi, al-Tusi or al-Sufi; fl. c. 721 – c. 815),^{[6]} also known by the Latinization **Geber**, was a polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician. Born and educated in Tus, he later traveled to Kufa. He has been described as the father of early chemistry.^{[7]}^{[8]}^{[9]}

### Finding the Two Ancient Reads in the One Number Square

“Geber” divided that square of three in many ways. I merely found how ancient measures apply to his formulas. He developed the concept of corner v. gnomon. A corner is a particular set of four corner numbers, The corner we will consider today has numbers: 5,7,1 and 6. The gnomon is the five leftover numbers. They are 8,3,4,9 and 2. Perform the following operations:

- Multiply the 4 corner numbers: 5 x 7 x 1 x 6 = 210. The Palestinian cubit is 2.107 feet.
- Multiply the numbers of its gnomon: 8 x 3 x 4 x 9 x 2 = 1728. The larger Egyptian cubit is 1.728 feet.

The backbone of the former Golden Age was the 3 x 3 number square. When all know how it works, we will have another Golden Age of Plenty and Peace. It’s as simple as that!