## Romantic Composer Comrades were Common

Romantic Composer Comrades were Common. Musical composers are the avant-guard of civilization.  Avant-guard defines a group of artists, musicians, or writers working with new and experimental ideas and methods. Without composer comrades, it is doubtful that we would ever know who Franz Schubert was. Composers are vital to a civilization. Yet, they are like babies. They need help. Such was the case with Franz Schubert. He only lived to age 31.  Franz Peter Schubert  was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras. Despite his short lifetime, Schubert left behind  more than 600 secular vocal works (mainly Lieder), seven complete symphoniessacred musicoperasincidental music and a large body of piano and chamber music.

Oil painting of Franz Schubert by Wilhelm August Rieder (1875), made from his own 1825 watercolor portrait.

His last symphony, “The Great,” was never performed in his lifetime. He received payment for it from the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in 1828. However, they ended up performing an easier symphony by Schubert, , No 6. The “Great” remained in the truck of his brother, Ferdinand Schubert. His Romantic composer comrades included Robert Schumann. Scumann went searching for it. He discovered it in Ferdinand’s trunk in his attic.
Fortunately, Felix Mendelssohn, counted among Schubert’s Romantic composer comrades,  was in a position to make the “Great” come to life. He was the director of the Gewandhaus Concerts in Leipzig, Germany. The story goes it was difficult to perform even for his orchestra. To make it more palatable, Mendelssohn omitted the repeats in the symphony that were indicated by Schubert. Here is another story of Schubert’s almost lost and forgotten music:

### THE CLIFF HANGER QUEST OF GILBERT AND SULLIVAN to save Schubert’s Music

Gilbert and Sullivan had heard of Schubert’s Rosamunde. The manuscript was not to be found.  On a whim, they traveled to Germany to find the music. There, they caught wind of a Doctor Snyder who may have been in possession of the score. The rest of the story reads like a cliff hanger. When they arrived at his home, Dr. Snyder told them he had had a number of Schubert’s  manuscripts in his attic. Unfortunately, he had already placed them in the trash bin. The operetta duo ran to the refuse container. There, they not only discovered the score to Rosamunde, but numerous other symphonic works by Schubert. The rest of the story goes, they were so excited at the find, that they played leap frog with each other to celebrate the find.

Without the arts, life seems shorter and  even brutish.  We must support  creators of the fine arts who supply the musicians in the concert hall with new music. After all, there might not be a team like Robert Schumann, Felix Mendelssohn or Gilbert and Sullivan  at the right moment to save the great works of another poor Schubert-like composer.

## Singer Composer Was the Creator of Opera

Singer Composer Was the Creator of Opera. Today, many do not think of singers as the creators of opera. In the early 1700’s they were. The taste in Naples, Italy at that time, dictated how opera was created. That taste was manifested in the love of vocal display. Popular idols were made of singers. Theodore M. Finney writes in a History of Music: The composers became “a kind of formality that had within it the seed of artistic sterility and death.”

### What Happened to Opera as a Result of the Singer Composer Phenomenon?

Many composers at that time would write scores of historical interest. However, they had little if any musical interest. Opera composers turned from opera to writing for other mediums, such as instrumental. Society in Italy mainly fawned over virtuosity in musical drama. This gave rise to the Golden Age of Bel Canto. Francesco Bernardi, for example,  loaded his adagios with countless ornaments. Opera singers became heroes. Hogarth immortalizes a singer in one of his arias in The Rakes Progress: He receives the adulation of a lady who says: “One God, one Farinelli.” The composer was reduced to the sideman.

As a matter of fact, the admiration of opera singers of the at time was so tremendous that most were totally unconcerned with the excellence of an opera itself.  For that reason the music of many operas had nothing more than a figured bass and perhaps the outline of a melody. They singer flushed out the rest of the opera. The singer was also the primary composer. Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) are used. They indicate intervalschords, and non-chord tones that a musician is to play.  Historically this was most often applied to   pianoharpsichordorgan, and  lute.

Melody from the opening of Henry Purcell‘s “Thy Hand, Belinda”, Dido and Aeneas (1689) with figured bass below (

## Women Out West are in Copland’s Rodeo

Women out West: Rodeo. Copeland wrote  Rodeo in 1942 as a Ballet in One Act.  The Ballet Russe of Monte Carlo commissioned choreographer Agnes de Mille to collaborate with Aaron Copeland on the Rodeo project. I found a  score arranged for piano. The arrangement is copyrighted by the Aaron Copland Fund for Music. It was printed in 1962. It has six principle sections:

1. First Episode: Buckaroo Holiday
2. Transition
3. Second Episode: Corral Nocturne
4. Ranch House Party
5. Third Episode: Saturday Night Waltz
6. Fourth Episode: Hoe-Down

### Women Out West Had to Find Suitable Men!

Basically, throughout the American southwest, the Saturday afternoon rodeo was a tradition. Usually, it was followed by an evening dance at the Ranch House. Copland’s Rodeo uses this basic western concept. As a matter of fact dating between the sexes  was problem confronting all American women since early pioneer times. The question has been how to get a suitable  man? Most likely, it is still a problem everywhere.

### Women Out West Relished the Saturday Evening Dance.

On Saturday evening, after the Rodeo, social time was shared by dancing the square dance. The principle theme of Copland’s Hoe-Down in Rodeo uses a square dance tune called Bonypart. Of course this is a humorous reference to Napoleon Bonaparte.

Agnes de Mille describes the basic concept for choreography: “Throughout the American Southwest, the … dance was a tradition. On the remote ranches, as well as in trading centers and the towns, the “hands” get together to show off their skill in roping, riding, branding and throwing. Often, on the more isolated ranches, the rodeo is done for an audience that consisted only of a handful of fellow-workers and women-folk.  Any neighbors that attended often had to do an eighty mile or so run-over to witness the event.”

I, the blogger, also wrote a ballet called The Dance of the Zodiac. It also features the bull, as in the rodeo. Only it appears as the symbol of Taurus. Enjoy this internal link to my own ballet.

## Instrumental Versus Vocal – Which One Dominates?

Instrumental Versus Vocal – Which One Dominates at any particular time? Secular cultures have greater emphasis on instrumental. Religious cultures emphasized more vocal music.  Troubadours and jongleurs elevated the dominance of instrumental music in Medieval times. How did they come about? The oldest mention of the word troubadour as trobadors is found in a 12th-century Occitan text by Cercamon.[1] The sixteenth century Italian historian Giammaria Barbieri was perhaps the first to suggest Arabian influences on the music of the troubadours.[13] With instrumental versus vocal, the former comes out ahead in this case. Later scholars like J.B. Trend have asserted that the poetry of troubadours is connected to Arabic poetry written in Spain.[14]

Location Exterior of the Troubadour in 2006 9081 Santa Monica Boulevard, West Hollywood, California Nightclub Folk, singer-songwriters, rock, heavy metal standing 500 1957

### Instrumental Versus Vocal Plays Out

1. Instrumental music was given a boost by the Crusades. War and hardship also resulted from the Crusades.  But, these Holy Pilgrimages also brought about  free flow of ideas to Europe from the Middle East. Author Theodore M. Finney in A History of Music goes so far as to state: …”the development of harmony may sometime need to be rewritten giving much more weight to Eastern influence. Eastern being Arabian influence.”
2. Instrumental music, Finney states, was at first fashioned by what he calls “rough people”. This simply means people who did not dwell in towns or villages. They used instruments to accompany their wanderings with their flocks of goats or sheep. . Also, they would play for their own dancing. These activities, in turn,  gave rise to instrumental secular music.

Here are two class systems that gave rise to more instrumental music. This system involved the division between Troubadours and Jongleurs. This music was performed by groups of musicians known as troubadours,trouvères, and jongleurs. The troubadours and trouvères were active in France.  The troubadours to the south. Trouvères to the north. They were medieval poet musicians that catered to the upper class, or the nobility. Oftgen they were noblemen themselves.

The Jongleurs were often collaborators or assistants of Medieval Troubadours or Minstrels. Jongleurs gained a reputation of itinerant entertainers of Medieval France and in Norman England.  Many were deemed to be vagabonds. They wandered from court to court with their music.

### Traditional Employment at Scott’s Oquaga Lake House

For better than 15 summer seasons I played piano for shows at Scott’s Oquaga Lake House in Deposit, New York. The resort was born in 1869. What a wonderful time our family had.  Our children literally grew up in the Catskills at Scott’s.   Playing many shows as well as our own  (with wife, Sharon) were part of my duties. Most recently, the cast of The Marvelous Mrs. Maiselle got to experience the same resort.

To the right, Rachel Brosnahan, winner of the award for best actress in a comedy series for “The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel”, speaks in the press room at the 23rd annual Critics’ Choice Awards at the Barker Hangar on Thursday, Jan. 11, 2018, in Santa Monica, Calif. (Jordan Strauss | Invision/AP)

### Is Traditional Employment Also in our Future?

My wife and I wrote a new opera comique entitled Patra. It certainly is quite traditional. Our models were Bizet’s Carmen and Bernstein’s West Side Story. We will have a full production workshop in New York at Schroon Lake scheduled for September 2019. This will be with the Seagle Music Colony. The Colony is under the artistic direction of Darren Woods and The American Center for New Works Development. Schroon Lake has quite a cultural history. Here is an internal link to this Schroon Lake’s glorious past. It inspired me to write a poem. Share if you wish.

### Conclusion

What’s the best way to acquire rewarding and long term employment?

1. Work hard at mastery of your talent or craft.
2. Then, work with a well establish person, group of people or company.
3. Happy New Year!

## Central Pillar and the 3 x 3 Number Square

Central Pillar and the 3 x 3 Number Square. In the featured picture the corner numbers on the Lo shu are 4,9,3 and 5. Remaining 5 remaining numbers are called the gnomon. These five are 2,7,6,1, and 8. There are three more possible corner/gnomon arrangements. That can be a subject for future blogs. The Tree of Life uses this one arrangement on the central pillar: The upper left corner v. its gnomon. Here are some instructions on how to read and compare the two systems. A vanished civilization knew what you are about to read. They enjoyed a Golden Age until they succumbed to a worldwide cataclysm. Certainly, Plato’s account of Atlantis fits this description. Allusions to this lost culture are found in the survival of ancient measurements. Below are a couple of my internal links.

## Tens: Here’s the Formula on How Tens Grow into Infinity

### Central Pillar and its Link to the 3 x 3 Number Square

First, what is a number square? It is found in recreational mathematics and combinatorial design. A magic square[1]  filled with distinct positive integers in the range . Each cell contains a different integer. The integers in each row, column and diagonal are equal.[2] Now to compare the two systems:

• On the number square, multiply the numbers of the upper  left corner: 4 x 5 x 9 x 3 = 540.
• Multiply the gnomon numbers: 2 x 7 x 6 x 1 x 8 = 672.

Next, look at the central pillar on the Tree of Life:

• Multiply the Central numbers of the four emanations (circles):1 x 6 x 9 x 10 = 540. This duplicates 540  product of the upper left corner of the number square.
• Take the central pillar numbers again. Add them: 1 + 6 + 9 + 10 = 26. Square 26 as 26² = 676. This is not the 672 gnomon product above. However, by rules of gematria, one can be added to each word or factor, in this case- circle, without essentially altering its meaning. We have 4 circles on the central pillar. Thus 672 + 4 = 676. We have congruence again. Gematria is explained in great depth by my favorite author, John Michell. His books are extremely rare and difficult to come by.

## Ageless Teacher Pianist Mischa Kottler

Ageless Teacher Pianist Mischa Kottler. Great men, like great wines, improve with age. Mischa, at the time of this picture was 88. He stayed active until age 94. What kept him going? Passion for the piano. As a teacher, he had a slew full of piano competition winners on his record. Even rock n’ roll benefited from his total mastery of the instrument. Gregory Arthur “Greg” Phillinganes (born May 12, 1956) is an American keyboardistsinger-songwriter, and musical director based in Los Angeles, California.   A prolific session musician, Phillinganes has contributed keyboard tracks to numerous albums. These included representing a broad array of artists and genres. He has toured with notable artists, such as Stevie WonderEric ClaptonDavid Gilmour and Toto, served as musical director for Michael Jackson, and has released two solo studio albums.

#### From Greg Philliganes’ interview in Keyboard Magazine and his Quote of Mischa Kottler

“Sensing that I needed discipline more than anything else, my Mom managed to hook me up with a wonderful teacher named Mischa Kottler.  He was a no-nonsense Russian Jewish guy who could crack a pane of glass with one finger. He was a complete badass, and he cooled my attitude out immediately. I studied with him well into my teens.

### Minute Waltz (Mischa Kottler Version) – YouTube

Dec 28, 2013 – Uploaded by Joseph Beels

### Ageless Teacher Pianist Visits My Family

Primarily as result of having studied with my ageless teacher pianist Mischa, I too have had a successful and long lasting career. I’ve just begun my 10th year at the Gasparilla Inn on the isle of Boca Grande. There, I play piano for VIP’s from around the world. The most memorable person I played for was former President George H. Bush. Below is an internal link to this event from DSOworks. Also, Sharon Ohrenstein, my wife, and I are bringing a full workshop to the NY stage this coming September. Our original “opera comique” is entitled “Patra”. Look under the “stage” heading on DSOworks.com. We will be working with an incredibly, wonderful, creative team.  Workshop will be sponsored by: The American Center for New Works Development.

## Three Square Code Structures Stonehenge

Three Square Code Structures Stonehenge. Life often offers us the polarity of opposites. Something stands in opposition to something else.

This tiny number square gives rise to the pillar arrangement at Stonehenge. It was used in countless ways by ancient historic and even prehistoric civilizations. Currently we are entering a new age. It will be marked by peace and plenty. This is also known as a Golden Age. The same arrangement that formed the Palestinian cubit and the Egyptian cubit also structured the pillar arrangement at Stonehenge. Some information I quote from my own internal link below:

## Two Ancient Reads From One Number Set

Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān explains how this number square was divided into various corners and gnomons. I show how the dotted points below were the options that were used for the appropriate Egyptian and Palestinian cubits. It was also used for builiding Stonehenge.

• Multiply the 4 corner numbers: 5 x 7 x 1 x 6 = 210. The Palestinian cubit is 2.107 feet.
• Multiply the remaining five numbers which are called the gnomon: 8 x 3 x 4 x 9 x 2 = 1728. The larger Egyptian cubit is 1.728 feet.

First we must see who gave rise to realizing this division of the square three code in the particular manner that I will present. Abu Mūsā Jābir ibn Hayyān (Arabicجابر بن حیان‎‎, Persianجابر بن حیان‎‎, often given the nisbahs al-Bariqi, al-Azdi, al-Kufi, al-Tusi or al-Sufi; fl. c. 721 – c. 815),[6] also known by the Latinization Geber, was a polymath: a chemist and alchemistastronomer and astrologerengineergeographerphilosopherphysicist, and pharmacist and physician. Born and educated in Tus, he later traveled to Kufa. He has been described as the father of early chemistry.[7][8][9]

15th-century European portrait of “Geber”, Codici Ashburnhamiani 1166, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Florence

### Three Square Code Uses Lower Right Corner and its Gnomon for Stonehenge

Numbers in a row are called a sequence. Sequence is also used in music and dance. Stonehenge uses 5,6,7, and 8:

• 5 x 6 = 30. This numbers  inner stone circles.
• 7 x 8 = 56. This numbers the outer holes.

Plan of the central stone structure.  The stones were dressed and fashioned with mortise and tenon joints before 30 were erected as a 108-foot (33 m) diameter circle of standing stones, with a ring of 30 lintel stones resting on top.

For fun, add 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 = 26.  Now, let’s look at the two products and one sum we created from consecutive numbers 5,6,7 and 8: They are 30, 56 and 26. Any beginning student of chemistry knows these numbers define the most stable isotope of iron: (1) 30 neutrons. (2) atomic number 56 (3) Finally 56  – 30 = 26.  That is the atomic number of iron. Why is this important? Iron is the ash of nuclear fusion on stars. When enough iron is at the star’s core, it explodes. This creates all the heavier elements than iron.

Here’s the big question: Does Stonehenge represent the cosmic stellar process of creation? Was this known in the distant past? Or, is this just another numerical co-incidence?

## Plus one factor shared by Geometry and Math

Plus one factor shared by Geometry and Math. This post applies to all of the prominent ancient number squares. For various reasons, they are also called magic squares. What characterizes  these squares of numbers? In recreational mathematics and combinatorial design, a magic square[1] is a {\displaystyle n\times n} square grid (where n is the number of cells on each side) filled with distinct positive integers in the range {\displaystyle 1,2,…,n^{2}}

• Each cell contains a different integer.
• The sum of the integers in each row, column and diagonal is equal.[2]

### So Where is the Plus One Factor?

The plus one in number squares is one thing above and beyond  obvious definition on the number square. Let’s look at the application in geometry first. The 3 by 3 number square is the smallest that can be constructed. It has 2 parallel lines that intersect two more parallel lines.  Thus, 3 x 3 columns of vertical and horizontal numbers, are set on a 2 x 2 set of horizontal and vertical lines.  Note:  By custom, these parallel lines are not encased by a square. Surrounding these nine numbers by a square would then create 4 x 4 parallel lines. In a way, this hides the true nature of the number square in consideration.  Number square perimeters  should be left open ended as in the featured picture. I must confess, some of my earlier number square pictures are encased.

Here is the  mathematical plus one factor: This number square contains the numbers 1 to 9. Any straight row of three totals 15. Opposite numbers total ten. Hence, the following sets of numbers total 10: 4 + 6; 3 + 7; 8 + 2; and 9 + 1. The plus one factor becomes the total of the opposite numbers- 10. Ten is above and beyond the nine. It is not even notated on the prime number square; being invisible, like the Deity. So how does this apply in religious antiquity?

### The 1st of the 10 Commandments is the Plus One Factor

The 10 Commandments are thus modeled on the 3 x 3 number square. The 1st commandment is actually not a commandment. It is a statement of the presence of the Deity who is above and beyond everything. He is invisible, like the number 10.  Compare it to the “colel” in numbers. That’s why in the 10 Commandments it becomes a statement as opposed the apparent nature of the other nine numbers.

## Graphic Polarity Activation on the 3 x 3 Square

Graphic Polarity Activation on the 3 x 3 square. The prime number square of every higher number square is the 3 x 3. The complete, traditional, square is pictured at the bottom of the featured picture. There are a number of possible arrangements, possibly seven. However, the understanding of the distant past begins with this traditional. Many blogs on DSOworks are about this number square. Check them out by key word. They are free to view. I currently have some 570 posts about two primary subjects: (1) Music (2) Number squares. Most of the posts on number squares about the 3 x 3. It is the simplest, yet the most complex. Both of these subjects were the backbone of a former and lost Golden Age.

The full set of rings, imaged as Saturn eclipsed the Sun from the vantage of the Cassini orbiter.  It was 1.2 million km distant, on 19 July 2013.  The brightness is exaggerated. Earth appears as a dot at 4 o’clock. Our planet can be seen between the G and E rings. Most important for this blog: The rings of Saturn are the most extensive ring system of any planet in the Solar System. Why is the important? There are three obvious perimeters around this number square. However, the number of possible rings goes to infinity.

### Graphic Polarity Activation Instructions

Reference the traditional arrangement at the bottom as I point our a few of the possibilities. Also a have a number of internal links on infinity and this number square. Also, “perfect numbers” favor this number square. Ancients knew this. Today, our civilization does not. Of course, there once was a Golden Age. Today peace and plenty seem be  elusive. Here are a couple of such links on DSOworks.com:

## High Perfect Numbers in Ancient Times

### Graphic Polarity Activation on Isaiah 45:2-3New International Version (NIV)

I will go before you
and will level the mountains[a];
I will break down gates of bronze
and cut through bars of iron.
I will give you hidden treasures,
riches stored in secret places,
so that you may know that I am the Lord,
the God of Israel, who summons you by name.

• How does Isaiah allude to graphic polarity activation with the above? Look at the chapter number. It is 45. Total the numbers 1 to 9 in the grid. The order does not matter. Sum =  45.
• Next, look at the two verse numbers of the Scripture. They they are verses 2 and 3. The sum of the verse numbers define the central number of the number square. 2 + 3 = 5. “Five” activates the entire system of all number squares. This is the smallest and prototype of all number squares.
• Breaking the gates of brass and cutting through the bars of iron allude to reading the numbers without the grid. See the internal links above.
• Specific applications will be covered in future blogs.
• Please credit an Indian spirit from the Lennie Lenape tribe for my knowledge of this number square. Her haunt is Oquaga Lake at Scott’s Oquaga Lake House. I was Scott’s piano player for some 15 summer seasons. There, I encountered the spirit on hikes in the Catskill Mountains.