Space came 1st - then time

Space Came 1st -Time, 2nd -in the Ancient View

Space Came 1st -Time, 2nd -in the Ancient View.  Antiquity was guided by number squares and their centers. a magic square[1]  is an  square grid. “n”  is the number of cells on each side. filled with distinct positive integers. Each cell contains a different integer whose in each row, column and diagonal is equal.[2]Below are the primary squares. They range from 3 x 3 to 9 x 9.  Higher number (magic) squares were also used.  All oddly number squares have only one number at the center.  Even centers have four numbers. Note that single  numbers 5 and 13 are at the center of the 3 x 3 and 5 x 5 respectively.   The even number square has 4 numbers at the center. They are 7.6.11 and 10.  The odd numbered square of 5 x 5 again has only one number at the center. It is number 13.  Thus, the 3 x 3 and 4 x 4 set the pattern. Higher number squares all repeat the pattern.  The nature of number squares provides the key to  how ancients analyzed space-time.

Space came first then time in the ancient number square point of view
The key to understanding lost civilizations is number squares.

Time is cyclic and fourfold in nature. I explain this in the internal links below.

Space Came 1st – Here’s Why

Space is at the core of reality. It is also infinite. The 3 x 3 magic square is central. Its opposite numbers always equal 10. These tens grow into infinity by a formula given in the internal link.  Time is distinctly fourfold in nature. Fourfold is at the core of cycles which gives shape to time. See links above. The 4 x 4 number square of Jupiter sets this fourfold pattern for time.  In the ancient view, since the 3 x 3 number square precedes the 4 x 4, space comes 1st.

Tens: Here’s the Formula on How Tens Grow into Infinity



Joyful man is an inspiration

Joyful -When Radiated By Anyone- Elevates Stature

Joyful -When Radiated By Anyone- Elevates Stature. This is to the highest levels. This blog will attempt to answer how and why. It ties into an ancient Middle Eastern concept called gematria. It refers to the sharing of a letter and number by the same symbol. Once there was no separate notation for letters and numbers. That is foreign to our current day thinking. In the Middle East it was common. Hebrew still illustrates  this in the calendar:

Image result for a calendar with Hebrew letters
Wednesday is aleph (1). Thursday is beis (2)…This demonstrates the equivalency between numbers and letters.

Some words had the same numerical value. This is true with the two key Hebrew words: joy and Redeemer.  Also, within a phrase, one (1) could be added without changing the essential numerical meaning. This was called the colel.  This blog makes the point:  Any happy person helps all mankind. This is true regardless of religion or nationality.

The two Hebrew words, joy and Messiah, both have a value of 353.  The words are given below.

Strong’s Hebrew: 8057. שִׂמְחָה (simchah) — joy, gladness, mirth

Original Word: מָשִׁ֫יחַ. This translates to the Redeemer, Messiah.

A Joyful Gematria

In addition to this 353 co-incidence, we’ll examine two more correspondences:  In Greek gematria it specified Hermes. Key numbers were once shared by even different cultures.   Read my 353rd blog. The link is given below.

Now for  the ancient source of 353:  It is hidden in a well known number code. Read the internal link below called   3 x 3 number square Archives.The code hides 1110:  When 1110 becomes a circumference, then 353…  becomes its diameter.  At one time number squares structured civilization. They formulated a peaceful era.

Joyful best describes life on the lake.
Oquaga Lake is where I learned about number codes of the ancients. I credit an Indian spirit from the Lennie Lenape.

Image result for Square of three on

3 x 3 number square Archives – DSO Works

Three hundred fifty third blog and Mercury-Hermes – DSO Works

Finally, 352 is the gematria of the two words that immediately precede Judaism’s most important prayer- Hear O Israel.  Milk and honey are the last two words of Deut: 6:3. Hear O Israel are the first words of Deut. 6:4. These words in Deut. 6:3 are translated into as “milk and honey.” Read another internal link below. What does this mean? When the lost codes hidden in the 3 x 3 number square are activated, the lands will flow will “milk and honey.”

 Milk and Honey Archives – DSO Works

Inspiration versus uncontrolled imagination

Inspiration Versus Uncontrolled Imagination as per the Ancients

Inspiration Versus Uncontrolled Imagination as per the Ancients. Lost civilizations assigned numbers to concepts.  Inspiration and Imagination were once defined by number 1080. Author John Michell has written voluminously on this subject. His take expresses Einstein’s thoughts.  However, his take is in terms of an Earth Spirit that encircles world.

This book placed me on a lifetime journey.
The View Over Atlantis originally placed me on a journey to being inspired.

Einstein’s Take on the Subject

“I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited. Whereas, imagination encircles the world.”
Albert Einstein As quoted in “What Life Means to Einstein: An Interview by George Sylvester Viereck“. The Saturday Evening Post (26 October 1929) q:Albert_Einstein


Inspiration Comes From Imagination
When is something inspired and when is it just wild imagination? Einstein knew the difference.

For many it can be extremely difficult to distinguish between between the state of being inspired and uncontrolled imagination.  I will relate it to an article in the New York Times. It is front page in the Arts & Leisure section. Date is Sunday June 10, 2018. Suffice it to say, aspiring can draw from imagination.

Inspiration Can Have Controlled and Uncontrolled Aspects

The New York Times article is entitled “Home is Where the Horror Is.” It talks about how in cinema today stating: Horror has never been more bankable and celebrated than it is now. Michell, in his City of Revelation, discusses the difference between being inspired and wild imagination. Basically, the number 1080 applies to both. Michell has an entire chapter on this number. He writes about how: “The mystic’s vision and the the lunatics nightmare derive from the same source.” Most important, he writes, “the individual alone is responsible for the different forms they assume.”

So What Causes the Lunatic’s Nightmare?

When 1080 takes on the lunatics nightmare aspect, there is a cause. It is usually a reaction against excessive  power and brute force being used  to solve problems. Tone down the brute force, and the lunatic’s nightmares will also lessen. This internal link below explains a little more about number 1080.

Baghdad City Outline Demonstrates Neolithic Measures

Mysterious Diameter measure is here

Mysterious Diameter Measure at the Hopewell Circle

Mysterious Diameter Measure at the Hopewell Circle. The city’s name is derived from its original layout created in 1810. This was within the 1,100 ft diameter of a circle.  The circle was a Hopewell tradition earthwork dating to the early centuries of the Common Era. The county courthouse was built in the center of the innermost circle. The circular outline was soon obliterated. By the late 1830s a group of citizens decided to changed the layout to a standard grid. This was accomplished by the mid-1850s. All traces of the Hopewell earthwork were destroyed. However, anyone with specific knowledge of the past can link the circle to prehistoric times. Conclusions are quite startling.

Circleville's Main Street and the mysterious diameter measure
The intent of the original and now destroyed circle at Circleville, Ohio can be reconstructed.
mysterious diameter measure
Map of Circleville’s early layout within the preset circle.   More modern courthouse is at the center.

Mysterious Diameter Measure is Found in the Original Layout

I have a particular interest in Circleville.  On June 2 2018 I gave a concert at the Circleville High School. The story of the concert is nothing short of miraculous. Shortly, a youtube video of the concert will be posted. Keep checking my posts for the link of the actual concert. Also, please read about the incredible story of the concert on the internal link below.

Lecture Magic for Me in Circlelville Thanks to Rubinoff

The question becomes: Why is 1100 feet a mysterious diameter measure? What profound secrets does it hold? Basically, its measure explains lost secrets from a former and now lost civilization.

  1. A secret code in the diameter measure is to be found in the Hebraic Tree of Life.
  2. It illustrates another secret code that is prominent on the 3 x 3 number square.

These secret codes can open the gates that lead to a Golden Age of Peace and Plenty.

Number Code on Tree of Life Hides the Mysterious Diameter Measure of 1100 by Number

Image result for picture of the Tree of Life on
Diagram of the Hebraic Tree of Life

So where is 1100 on the diagram to the immediate right? The numbered tree of life has three vertical pillars. Its numbers work in opposite polarities. They also work three at the time. Ancients attached their preferred units of measure to the numbers. The numbers were of key importance regardless of measure used.  Thus on the Tree we have:

  • 357 + 742 = 1100
  • Reverse the numbers. We still get 1100: 753 + 247 = 1100.


1100 is also Prominent on the Prime Number Square. Now we can go one step further into the past. Where did the hidden 1100 on the Tree come from? It came from an even more ancient square of numbers. It is also hidden. This time it is camouflaged in the prime 3 x 3 number number square. The Chinese call this square the Lo Shu. The Christians call it the Grain of Mustard Seed. Below is the standard depiction from antiquity:

Image result for picture of the Tree of Life on
The prime number square is also the most complex. This is the traditional arrangement of the numbers.

Add the numbers two at the time. This is explained below. 660 and 440 will appear. Add these two numbers: 660 + 440 = 1100.

  • Horizontally: (49 + 61) + (16 + 94) + (35 + 75) + (53 + 57) + (81 + 39) + (18 + 92) = 660
  • Vertically: (43 + 67) + (34 + 76) + (95 + 15) + (59 + 51) + (27 + 83) + (72 + 38) = 660
  • 440 is another major characteristic number on the square. Here is just one way it uses 440: Add the numbers around the perimeter two as the time. Go either clockwise or counter clockwise. You get 440.  For example: 49 + 92 + 27 + 76 + 61 + 18 + 83 + 34 = 440. Try the other way.

. The Hopewell tradition refers to the common aspects of the Native American culture. It flourished along rivers in the northeastern and midwestern United States. Years were from 200 BCE to 500 CE. The Hopewell tradition was not a single culture or society. It was a widely dispersed set of related populations. They were connected by a common network of trade routes.[1] The routes were called the Hopewell Exchange System.

Image result for picture of American Indians
Native American Tribes and Regions

How far back can we trace the use of number squares? Was Plato correct in his relating the story of Atlantis? Are the American Indians the long  lost tribes of Israel? The point is: Every question, when answered, simply raises more questions. Keep checking More events and posts will be in the making.

Lecture magic in Circleville, Ohio

Lecture Magic for Me in Circleville Thanks to Rubinoff

Lecture Magic for Me in Circleville Thanks to Rubinoff and His Violin. Life can spin out of control. Sometimes this can be in  wonderful ways. Sometimes events can spin badly.  In Circleville it was very good. First, I will define key words in this blog. First word to define  is Circleville, Ohio. The featured picture was taken at the lectern in the auditorium at Circleville High School.  Date was June 2, 2018. A concert honoring Rubinoff and His Violin was about to take place.  I am standing at the podium for two reasons;

  1. To give a lecture. It covered high points of my 15 year association with Rubinoff and His Violin.
  2. I will be performing on the piano. My position will be to accompany violin maestro Steven Greenman. We were set to play several arrangements I made with Rubinoff.

Also included was a 28 piece high powered orchestra. Assembled for the performance were top instructors. They were  from leading musical programs at top universities around Ohio. This performance was the vision of the conductor, Joseph Rubin. He is also the curator of the Ted Lewis Museum in Circleville. Please keep checking my posts. Samples and segments from the concert will soon be available on youtube.

Image result for Pictures from the Ted Lewis Museum in Circleville, Ohio
With his trademark battered top hat and clarinet, Circleville’s own Ted Lewis drew standing room only houses. He sold millions of records He starred in every entertainment medium from Vaudeville to Television. His career spanned five decades.

Lecture Magic in Circleville, Ohio

So what’s magical about this concert? An element of the mystical is found in the very town of Circleville. The city’s name is derived from its original layout. It was created in 1810 within the 1,100 ft (340 m) diameter of a circle. Many future blogs will be appearing about this  1100 foot diameter. It will illustrate a connection to prehistoric cultures. The Hopewell tradition earthwork dates back to the early centuries of the Common Era.

Dave loved the American Indian tradition. I specify this in my lecture magic. He, like many Europeans, was enchanted by Indian ways and wisdom. The decor of both of his homes amply illustrate this great love. It is most fitting  that he will be honored at the Ted Lewis Museum. Ted was from Circleville. The Museum is actually almost directly across the street from his residence. I had a personalized museum  tour. Wow!

Image result for picture of the Ted Lewis Museum in Circleville
#1 spot in American to visit if you love music!

Here are some internal links.  They will  illustrate connections between Rubinoff and His Violin and myself. There are many more posts on DSOworks on this subject. Feel free to explore them. Dave became enormously wealthy playing the violin and conducting. This was throughout the Great Depression.  His annual income was as high as $500,000.00.

Rubinoff and His Violin Sort of Was My Grandfather – DSO Works

Will Rogers and Rubinoff and His Violin- My Story – DSO Works

Lots of exciting posts are in the making. The fun has just begun. Please feel free to share this.

Advanced Science in Antiquity

Advanced Science Used Number Squares in B .C.

Advanced Science Used Number Squares in B .C. Today, periodic charts are in vogue. Number square, I believe, were used in the past. Perhaps they are even more revealing than the periodic chart? My internal link below puts forth Neolithic possibilities. In the link, I explain how such knowledge was possibly the remnant of a lost civilization. Yes, Atlantis is in the running. Whatever the event,  it is lost from collective memory. However, number squares are the survivors. Their application has been lost. Many blogs on DSOworks are about reactivating these squares. The most intriguing is the smallest number square. I believe the gospels were referring to this number square.  It is 3 x 3. This is because if you know its secret codes, it becomes gigantic.

advanced science as a parable
A Jan Luyken etching of the grain of mustard seed parable.

Etching by Jan Luyken illustrating the parable, from the Bowyer Bible.

The Parable of the Mustard Seed is one of the shorter parables of Jesus. It appears in Matthew (13:31–32), Mark (4:30–32), and Luke (13:18–19). In the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, it is immediately followed by the Parable of the Leaven, which shares this parable’s theme of the Kingdom of Heaven  growing from small beginnings. It also appears in the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas (verse 20).

Advanced Science is Hinted at by Biblical Parables

Mustard seed is the tiniest of seeds. It grows into a great plant
From the tiny mustard seed come gigantic plants.
Image result for periodic chart on
The smallest of number squares (pictured above) parallels the parable of the tiny grain of mustard seed. Read link right below.

Tenfold is on a Tiny Number Square That Grows to Infinity – DSO Works


Related image
Parable of the Grain of Mustard Seed

Neolithic Periodic Chart is Number Squares, Here’s How – DSO Works

Sometimes in our quest for knowledge for advanced science, we can be blinded by a light that is too bright. The bright light of the  periodic chart is such a light. The table was published by Dmitri Mendeleev.[2] The year was 1869. He built upon earlier discoveries Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier and John Newlands.

On the featured picture please notice:

  • The charactertistic number is what any two opposite numbers total. Any two opposite numbers on the 9 x9 square above total 82. This number number square of the Moon defines the atomic number of the ash of nuclear fission. That is lead-82.
  • The characteristic number on the 5 x 5 number square is 26. Iron has a 26 atomic number. Iron defines the limits of nuclear fusion on stars. When enough iron is fused at the core of a star, the star explodes.  That is what creates the heavier elements.

Much has been overlooked on the periodic chart. This is because it ignores ancient number squares. I think that placing number squares into fresh focus can initiate a new Golden Age of peace and plenty.



Enhancing Jupiter instructions are lost.

Enhancing Jupiter Creates Harmony

Enhancing Jupiter Creates Harmony. With this blog I again try to delve into the destroyed past. So much has been ruined. For one, the Library at Alexandria was burned down during Roman times.  It was the jewel par excellence of ancient knowledge.  In general, conquerors made it a habit to destroy even traces of their subdued civilizations.  Another example was ancient Carthage. It also was subdued by the Romans. About 50,000 Carthaginians were sold into slavery.[65] The city was set ablaze and razed to the ground.  Only ruins and rubble remain (feature picture). How did philosophers of the past attempt to prevent such occurrences?

Enhancing Jupiter

enhancing Jupiter for success in action
Ancients tried to enhance beneficial effects of Jupiter
Enhancing Jupiter
Albrecht Dürer, Melencolia I, 1514, engraving, 24 x 18.5 cm (The Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Jupiter was thought to the great benefactor of mankind. This is symbolized in the woodcarving of the listless angel pictured below. It displays the classic  4 x 4 number square in the background.   Ancient civilizations used this number code to call on the beneficial effects of Jupiter. In the carving,  this square is mounted underneath the bell. The bell meant to draw her attention to it. When it does, she will cheer up. Being a musician, I have blogged extensively about harmony. Reading the 3 internal links below will offer background on this little known topic.
Enhancing Jupiter through its number square.
Harmony in life comes from Jupiter and its number square.

Harmony’s number – DSO Works

Harmony in a Neolithic and Modern Site – DSO Works

Harmony’s number Archives – DSO Works

Enhancing Jupiter – This planet was associated with luck, fortune and wealth.

  • Plato refers to the 272 as the number of harmony in his Canon Harmonia was the wife of Cadmus. Her name in Greek, spelled with the letters add up to 272. This is by the rules of gematria.  Here is the connection between the 4 x 4 number square and harmony. Total all the numbers from 1 – 16 on this square. The sum is 136. Multiply 136 x 2 = 272. Harmony is therefore the twice enhanced value square of Jupiter. That poses a question:  Is a person who finds harmony in his is life twice as happy as one who has only found wealth?
Great Kiva in Chaco Canyon has a British Parallel

Great Kiva in Chaco Canyon & Glastonbury Abbey

Great Kiva in Chaco Canyon & Glastonbury Abbey. Yes, you read the title correctly. They can be directly compared.  Numbers by area or length illustrate the principle to which a holy site was dedicated. St Mary’s Chapel and the Great Kiva used the same number: 166.5.  There was an ancient goddess tradition: The numbers used were considered more basic than the units of measure that defined them.  Check out my internal link to the Glastonbury Abbey Archives below. Then look the my  featured picture above. It is is of the Great Kiva in the Chaco Canyon. The Canyon had 37 ceremonial centers. The largest was that of the featured picture. It was 53 feet in diameter. That makes the diameter 166.5 feet.

Image result for map of the Chaco Canyon
Map of the location of the Great Kiva in Chaco Canyon

But, you say, how can you compare area to circumference? How can you compare feet to megalithic yards? In ancient cultures number stood supreme. I am certainly not the first to say this. I recommend studying the voluminous works s of author, John Michell in this regard. My specific reference in this case is to his City of Revelation: on the Proportions and Symbolic Numbers of the Cosmic Temple. Published by Ballantine Books, New York, 1973. I reference pages 44-46.

A Good Reading Source for the Great Kiva in Chaco Canyon

My source for the measurements of the Great Kiva is Mysterious Places:The World’s Unexplained Symbolic Sites, Ancient Cities and Lost Lands edited by Jennifer Westwood. The Chaco Canyon civilization dates back to 1000 A.D. They had complex urban residences. There skill in stonework was above the European at the time.  They also were consummate basket weavers. There weaving was waterproof. Even their  unearthed gaskets today are still waterproof. Their artistry in pottery used elaborate geometric patterns. They are known by their Navaho name, Anasazi. Yes, there once wa a universal civilization. It was based on number squares. Especially used was the traditional 3 x 3. 1665 is prominent on this square. The internal link just below tells where it is hiding.

Glastonbury Abbey Archives – DSO Works

Great Kiva uses the same number- 166.5
The area of the St Mary’s chapel at Glastonbury was 166.5 square megalithic yards.
Ancient area was also made from Fibonacci numbers

Ancient Area Unit Numbers are Revealing

Ancient Area Unit Numbers are Revealing. Below are units of length. These numbers were then used in squared form by ancient builders. The second internal link shows my source of the measures.  Area measure was used in other ways in past ages. Knowledge of this still survives if you look hard enough.  First, notice below, by mathematics English yard of 3 feet should actually be 2.979… feet. Squaring this slightly smaller figure given below equals 8.88 square feet.  Thus, two of the area unit numbers use repeated numbers. They are:

(1) Palestinian cubit square of 4.44 square feet.

(2) The mathematically true (not rounded up)  figure for the English square yard as 8.88 square feet.

ancient area unit choices varied by a set formula discovered by Jay Hambidge
Ancient area map

Repeated numbers have made their way into our culture in other ways.  Witness the popularity of “888 product sales in business.”  As a matter of fact all of the 9 basic digits are repeated  for selling. Repeated numbers make reference to  the 3 x 3 number square.  It contains an infinity of hidden number codes based on repeated numbers. Scope out “infinity” on

Also notable: The Commandments of the Hebrew Torah are also numbered by ancient measures: There are 248 positively stated commandments. The 365 negatively stated ones tell you what not to do.  The internal link immediately below explains the +5 discrepancy for the 243 numbers that define the Roman pace and the positive commandments.

Mitzvot (as good deeds) are 248 to Do; and 365 Not to Do – DSO Works


Canon of measures Archives – DSO Works

Basic Units of Ancient Measure

1.2165… feet = 1 remen
1.2165 feet x √2 = 1.72… feet – one royal cubit
1.2165 feet x √3 = 2.107… feet- one Palestinian cubit
1.2165 feet x  √4 = 2.43… feet – one Roman pace
1.2165 feet x  √5 = 2.72… feet – one megalithic yard etc., up to…(copied from internal link above).

1.2165 feet x √6  = 2.979…feet – It was rounded up to 3 feet.
1.2165 feet x √8 = 3.44 square feet

1.2165 feet x √9 = 3.65… feet

Ancient Area Unit Numbers Expressed in Square Feet

One remen squared = 1.48 square feet.
One royal cubit squared = 3 square feet.
One Palestinian cubit squared = 4.44 square feet
One Roman pace squared = 6 square feet.
One megalithic yard squared = 7.4 square feet.
The 1.2165…foot remen x square root of six  (as 1.2165 feet x √6)  = 2.979…feet)  2.979… ² =8.88 square feet. Of course the British yard is rounded up to a full three feet. When that is done, it makes the square yard equal to 9 square feet.

Image result for wikipedia picture of a yardstick
Yardstick based on the full 3 foot long British yard.

Repeated numbers also found their way into gematria. That’s the ancient equation of numbers and letters.  Damascus, when spelled with Hebrew letters equals 444. (Link is below) Dalet (right to left) is 4, (mem) is 40, shin is 300, kuf is 100 = 444.  In this manner, Damascus makes direct reference to the Palestinian square cubit of 4.44 feet. It is well known that “Jesus” spelled with Greek letters equates with 888 by gematria. That makes reference to the shorter “English” square yard  as 8.88 square feet.

Strong’s Hebrew: 1833. דְּמֶ֫שֶׁק (demesheq) — perhaps silk


Profound ancient measures and knowledge of Atlantis are found in the Egyptian remen

Profound Numerical Egyptian Knowledge in Remen

Profound Numerical Egyptian Knowledge in Remen. Yes, this blog also points to the advanced civilization known as Atlantis.  For more about the remen, read the internal  link below. The link  in turn contains two more relevant links.  The remen was the basis of ancient measure. Its imprint is still on the three foot English yard.

But here is what is surprising to most.  The 1.2165… foot long remen displays knowledge of the 92 regenerative elements of the periodic chart. The most common isotope of uranium has 92 protons and 146 neutrons. Its atomic mass is 238 (92 + 146). It is no co-incidence that a remen equals 14.6 inches. Likewise, the number of neutrons in uramium 238 is 146. If you scoff at this co-incidence, also consider this: A numerical pattern formulated by R. Buckminster Fuller for elements holds the numerical atomic particle pattern of Ur (238).

The remen uses pround numerical patterns postulated by Fuller
Fuller opened the way for  profound discoveries.


Profound Nature of the Remen is Everywhere in Nature

He discuss the tangent packing of spheres in successive layers. A central sphere can be surrounded by 12 equal sized spheres in the 1st layer. Next, 42 spheres can be packed in a tangent way around the original twelve spheres making the second layer.  For the 3rd layer, 92 spheres can be packed around the preceding 42. Fuller gives a formula for sphere packing: It is (n² x 10) + 2.  “N” becomes the number of the layer in consideration. So, the  4th layer would be 4 x 4 x 10 + 2 for 162. Uranium 238 has 92 protons. That number is defined by the 3rd layer. Next, add the numbers of the 1st 2nd and 3rd layers. We have 12+ 46 + 92 = 146. That becomes the number of protons in the most common isotope of Uranium.

Richard Buckminster “Bucky” Fuller (/ˈfʊlər/; July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983)[1] was an American architectsystems theorist, author, designer, and inventor. Fuller published more than 30 books, coining or popularizing terms such as “Spaceship Earth“, ephemeralization, and synergetic.

remen Archives – DSO Works

The remen of 14.6 inches is a universal measure. The Hebrew word for world (or universe) is Olam. Rules of gematria equate it with 146-  עוֹלָם is the spelling with Hebrew letters.  In ancient languages letters and numbers often shared the same symbol. Also, numbers were frequently multiplied by powers of ten. Please read the internal link below for an explanation. It explains mathematically how the largest is hidden in the smallest.

Gateway to antiquity.

Tenfold is on a Tiny Number Square That Grows to Infinity – DSO Works