New music of the romantic era reflects the times in Beethoven's later music.

New Music Heralds New Ages Like Beethoven’s Music

New Music Heralds a new age. This was a known truth in the past. New music was created by the great composer, Beethoven. At first he wrote in the classical style. By 1810 he became a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras. In Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include

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Beethoven’s new music included many Masonic principles.

Classical music was often written written for royalty. It needed tp be pleasant and unobtrusive. Romantic emphasized feelings and emotions of the individual. Its range of passion and expression were greater. The power and magnificence of nature was also a subject for Romantic musical expression.

Ludwig von Beethoven was a Mason. A such he knew many Masonic secrets. These secrets heavily figured into Beethoven’s creativity.One such secret was the Fibonacci series of numbers. They grew by successive addition. Nature develops by these numbers. The series goes: 1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,55,89,144,233,377,610 etc. Two previous numbers are added to get the next sum.

Related imageLeonardo Fibonacci was born 600 years before Beethoven. The beginning of the Fibonacci series, named after him. are the numbers in red.  It continues to infinity.

Beethoven used this series in his Fifth Symphony. Of course, 5 is the first non-successive Fibonacci number. The series skips from 3 to 5. Here is the proof: 233 measures is the length of Beethoven’s opening section. 377 is the length of Beethoven’s development section).

But Beethoven’s Masonic Use of New Music Goes Even Further

The Masonic tool for engineering par excellence was the 3 x 3 number square. Many of the free blogs on DSOworks.com cover the subject. Look at the composition list above. Beethoven wrote 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, and  1 violin concerto. This is a vertical, middle column read across the square of three. I blog about how Solomon’s Temple used this section. The Second Jerusalem Temple used the entire bluprint. Look at the next two numbers of his output:

  • 32 piano sonatas
  • 16 string quartets.

Read my blog about the period chart. The square root of 32 comes from the geometry of the grid. Also, the ratio of 32 to 16 by the sonatas and quartets form a 2:1 ratio. This defines the first fundamental perfect overtone of the octave. Finally look at his crowning 9th symphony. It is all about the brotherhood of man!


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New music of the romantic era reflects the times in Beethoven's later music.

Two Significant Beethovens include the Grandfather

Two Significant Beethovens include the Grandfather. Most have read of Beethoven’s father. Mostly, about how he was alcoholic and beat his son on his ears.   Before turning to drink, the father was a gifted musician. He sang tenor in chorus and in opera. His name was Johann Beethoven. As a result of the father’s drinking, the family lived in abject poverty. His small salary was wasted at the ale-house. With such unfortunate circumstances his oldest son, Ludwig, became the breadwinner of the home.

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Piano in Beethoven’s attic given to him as a present from Count Waldstein

Two Significant Beethovens Were Originally Dutch as was the Father, of Course

The Beethoven family were singers at the cathedral at Antwerp. The grandfather was also named, Ludwig. In Germany, the  grandfather held many important positions in the musical establishment of the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne. He was at first a solo bass singer in the opera and choir. Later he was appointed stage director. Finally he became the musical conductor at the church.   He had moved earlier in the 18th century to Bonn on the Rhine.

File:Pitstone-windmill.600px.jpg two significant Beethovens had roots in Holland
Holland was the original home the family.

 

Some significant chronology on L.v. Beethoven:

  • At age 11 he was playing viola in the orchestra.
  • At age 12 he was the assistant organist with the orchestra at the church.
  • 6 months later he was the assistant conductor. His duties included conducting the sub-rehearsals. He arranged the music for the singers and orchestra. Also when an opera did not have a suitable aria for a great singer, he would write one. However, he never received a salary for his work until after 17 years of age. But Beethoven still laid the foundation for financial support.  Here’s how:

He made a number of connections at the church. This included a wealthy lady, Frau von Breuning. He taught her son and daughter. He also befriended members of the Vienna aristocracy who were in their university days in Bonn. This included the young Count Waldstein. Beethoven dedicated his Waldstein sonata to him. Finding that the young Beethoven lacked a suitable instrument on which to practice, Waldstein had a fine grand piano sent to Beethoven in his attic room (see picture above).  He also befriended Count Lichnowsky and many others. They became life long patrons.

I enjoy blogging about Ludwig van Beethoven for several reasons:

  1. I trace my own teachers back to Beethoven. Here’s how. I studied with Mischa Kottler. Kottler studied with Emil von Sauer. Sauer studied with Liszt. Liszt studied with Czerny. Czerny studied with Beethoven. Many of Beethoven’ s innovations were shown to me by Kottler. These included the principle of the prepared thumb.
  2. I have just finished my 8th yearly season as pianist at the Gasparilla Inn on the isle of Boca Grande. Management had the Steinway concert grand in the dining room rebuilt. I now play it in season. It has the finest Steinway parts. They were ordered directly from Germany.
  3. I also enjoy composing. Here is a sample of my own music entitled El Nino in Sarasota. Oh yes, I am available for piano lessons in Sarasota.

    Moonlight on the Lake by composer/pianist David Ohrenstein – YouTube

    Conclusion: Here is one formula for success for aspiring musicians and composers. It is based on this blog: (1) Get the audience. Be a church or by any other means. (2) Appeal to everyone, even the elite. Young musicians and composers need as much help as possible. I encourage all to be kind to composer/musicians that you believe could have potential. You just might have a great work dedicated to you.

 

Suite Sonata or are Sonatas No Longer Sweets?

Suite Sonata or are Sonatas No Longer Sweet?  In my blog this means is the sonata form no longer sweet or in vogue? Let’s define our two featured terms. Firstly, I must state that by sonata, I mean the sonata form. Here are the two terms with definition:

  • Suite: In music, a suite (pronounce “sweet”) is a collection of short musical pieces which can be played one after another. The pieces are usually dance movements. The French word “suite” means “a sequence” of things, i.e. one thing following another. In the 17th century many composers such as Bach and Handel wrote suites. In the Baroque period, a sonata was for one or more instruments almost always with continuo. A continuo is mostly not used in the sonata form of the classical area. A continuo  means a continuous base line.
  • Suite Sonata - Which One? Answer is on the cover.
    Suites were the way for composers to go in the baroque era. They reappeared in the Romantic era.

 

  • Sonata form, also known as sonata-allegro form, is an organizational structure based on contrasting musical ideas. It consists of three main sections – exposition, development, and recapitulation – and sometimes includes an optional coda at the end. In the exposition, the main melodic ideas, or themes, are introduced.  After the Baroque period most works designated as sonatas specifically are performed by a solo instrument, most often a keyboard instrument, or by a solo instrument accompanied by a keyboard instrument. Quite frequently, the older baroque “sonata” was performed by a group of instruments. The term evolved through the history of music, designating a variety of forms until the Classical era, when it took on its own specific importance. 

The Sonata form was, in a way, a rebellion against the musical vehicle of the suite. Styles in fashion, furniture, music, manners etc, change in cycles. The earlier Beethoven sonatas used the sonata form. His later extended sonatas are more of the freer Romantic era. Most agree that Beethoven was the transition composer that launhced that Romantic era of music.

Suite Sonata or Are Sonatas no Longer Sweet?

I predict that styles, taste and music,  the Suite will rise above other forms. Suites are perfect form carrying beautiful melodies.  Each number in a suite can carry its own melody. This was the practice of the romantic era. The Holberg Suite by Grieg is such an example. As a composer, I love the form of sites. Here are 2 examples of my compositions:

  • The Dance of the Zodiac- with numbers for each of the 12 zodiac signs.
  • The Ringling Suite- inspired by paintings at the John Ringling Museum in Sarasota, Fl.
  • The Elemental Suite depicting the ancient belief in Earth, air, fire and water as elements.

Conclusion on Suite Sonata -The future will give sweets to the Suite. 

 
Career - here is where Beethoven wrote many great works

Career – Circumstances that Bolstered Beethoven’s

Career – Circumstances that Bolstered Beethoven’s. Here is a brief summary of his accomplishments from Wikipedia: Ludwig van Beethoven (baptized 17 December 1770 in Bonn[1] – 26 March 1827 in Vienna) was a German composer. He wrote classical music for the piano, orchestras and different groups of instruments. His best-known works are his third (“Eroica”), fifth, sixth (“Pastorale”) and ninth (“Choral”) symphonies, the eighth (“Pathetique”) and fourteenth (“Moonlight”) piano sonatas, two of his later piano concertos, his opera “Fidelio”, and also the piano piece Für Elise. When he was a young man, he was a talented pianist. Beethoven was popular with the rich and important people in Vienna, Austria, where he lived.

So, What Bolstered His Career?

Obviously, he played for rich and important people. But, he also held his music in the highest of esteem. Higher than even the royalty,  At the time he lived in Vienna. It was the day of the amateur pianist. Aristocrats played the piano. They had a conception of how difficult mastery was. Prince Ferdinand Josel Lobkowitz was one of three that guarenteed him a life long income as long as he stayed in Vienna. This Prince had his own quartet. He played music all day long. Archduke Rudolph was a pianist who took lessons with Beethoven himself. He contributed to his income. The 3rd was Prince Ferdinand Kinsky. He loved vocal music. The times, Beethoven’s location and his incomparable genius launched his carrer. You could say, the right person at the right time. If the times are not quite right for you, be patient. Times also change in cycles. We are over due for lots of wonderful new happenings in the arts.

Beethoven drawing his inspiration from nature around the woods of Vienna

I have a special connection to Beethoven. It is being 5 generations removed by teaching lineage. Beethoven taught Carl Czerny. Czerny taught Franz Liszt. Liszt taught Emil von Sauer. Sauer taught my piano teacher, Mischa Kottler. I studied with Kottler for some 15 years. One of Beethoven’s inventions, I was told, was the prepared thumb. Also, the 2 note phrase was used to “divide and conquer” many difficulties. Enjoy my youtube presentation called the Paris Piano connection. You can hear me play 6 nights weekly at the Boca Grande Gasparilla Inn. I have a just newly reconditioned 1924 Steinway concert grand. This will be my 8th year of 6 nights  weekly from Dec. 20 – April 14, 2017. I also have a couple of openings for piano lessons in Sarasota. The Beethoven tradition of my lineage of teachers must be kept alive!

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Beethoven and business man both start with the letter "B"

Business- Beethoven Was First in Business and Composition

Business –  Beethoven Was First in Business and Composition. Here was Beethoven’s formula for success with his 9th symphony. He created a tremendous demand for it. He knew how important backing and funding were. Beethoven literally valued a penny. Others may have ascribed to him: The “Rondo alla ingharese quasi un capriccio” in G major, Op. 129 (Italian: “Rondo in the Hungarian [i.e. gypsy] style, almost a caprice”), is a piano rondo by Ludwig van Beethoven.[1] It is better known by the title Rage Over a Lost Penny. Talk about a penny pincher. Here is a brief summary of Beethoven’s business method:

  • Create a demand for a product.
  • Then, withold it.
  • Spread the word.
  • Then continue to hold it back from the market.
  • Watch the offers for our product come in.
  • Then let it out to the highest bidder.

THE BUSINESS OF WRITING THE 9TH SYMPHONY

My primary source for the following is Music, by Frederic V. Grunfeld. Newsweek Books, NY, 1974. The 9th was completed toward the end of 1823. This was after 5 years of off and on work. For most of this time, Viennese friends were collecting a petition. They were thrilled about the project. Those who signed it called themselves “ardent admirers.” In the petition they pleaded not to keep them waiting for his latest symphony. The letter stated that Austria wished to claim him as their own, He was born in Germany. Among those who signed were:

  • Leading music publishers.
  • Instrument makers.
  • Officials from the imperial court.
  • A dozen prominent aristocrats.
  • The director of the royal court theaters.

Beehoven kept them all waiting. They knew it would be a choral symphony. It was in part based on Friedrich Schiller’s Ode to Joy. It celebrated the brotherhood of man. Schiller’s words translate: “all men will become brothers beneath joy’s gentle wing.” So what is my advice? Listen to Beethoven’s music. Study not only his music, but Beethoven the man. Any day now, look for  for the new product posting on DSOworks.com of The Oquaga Spirit Speaks. It is now 120 pages of poetry and color pictures. All about the fun life in the Catskill Mountains. It features Oquaga Lake. The words were spoken by an Indian spirit while I was on hikes in nature.

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Beautiful Oquaga Lake in the autumn. It has an immense spiritual presence. My poetry in The Oquaga Spirit Speaks celebrates its uniqueness.

 

 

Magic square summary came on Oquaga Lake

Knowledge – Here is a Short Cut to Know Yourself

Knowledge is another topic about which the Oquaga Spirit spoke of to me.  In this sample poem she speaks in iambic pentameter with quatrains. This was in the 1980’s. In the early nineties she spoke once more in quatrains.  However, at that time triple meter was used. The spirit almost always  rhymed the second and fourth lines.  The book from the 1990’s is now available as a product on DSOworks.com. Almost every page has 2 or 3 pictures in color, These are mostly from the lake and area.

 

Great, Wall, China, Chinese Wall, Architecture
The Oquaga Spirit Speaks Vol. II, excerpt:  Above, the Great Wall of China demonstrates the Oquaga spirit’s philosophy on “self-knowledge”.   Keep checking the product page on DSOwork.com. All kinds of “goodies” are in the works. Some are even completed. Most of what you read in these blogs is original. No one else, for the most part, has written about them.

  The eyes of man were made for looking outward.
Gazing at the world at large is effortless;
Simply open your eyes and look at what’s there,
Assuming that sight is not hindered or impaired.

But no eyes exist to gaze at self-knowledge.
Of our two eyes not even one can turn inward.
Most men walk about in blindness of themselves;
While viewing the world outside their inner most thoughts.

Insight requires constant questioning and reflection;
For the mind must penetrate what the eyes cannot see.
A tall and long wall bars the mind from self-knowledge.
So if one seeks truth, this barrier must be breached.

During dreams, sight is turned inward
But seldom can the mind grasp a clear picture;
Self-knowledge then comes in riddles and symbols
The blockade takes on a different form but is still there.

Herein lies the danger in judging others:
The very thing you condemn in another person,
You may be doing yourself but cannot see.
Hypocrisy is a vice that visits the multitudes.

So why is self-knowledge hidden from view?
Because to know oneself is to know the Divine.
The ways of God are infinitely mysterious,
Of which the seeker may occasionally catch a glimpse.

However, it is not necessary to scale the  wall.
No athletic effort is necessary to attain self- knowledge.
Simply practice the age old Golden Rule;
And then self-knowledge behind the wall will come to you.

HOW KNOWLEDGE FROM THE OQUAGA SPIRIT CAME WITH A BEETHOVESQUE-LIKE ORDER

  My Oquaga Spirit Speaks poetry is being published in the same order as Beethoven’s 1st two piano concertos: Beethoven, himself, wrote a letter to his publisher, Breitkoph & Hartel.  His letter was dated April 22, 1802. In it he states that he wrote Concerto #1 after Concerto#2. Likewise, the revised and enlarged 1st volume, on the DSOproducts page, was written after the first book of which one poem is sampled above.  I will announce  “Book no, II.” Please give me a few months. In the meanwhile check out publication No. 1. Hope this is not confusing.

Ludwig van Beethoven.jpg
Beethoven Published  Concerto No 2 as No I. Then his no. 1 was published as No 2.

How the Earth’s Metronome Keeps Us On Beat

I personally believe that the older, popular pyramid-shaped metronome acquired its form after Napoleon Bonaparte’s popularization of the Great Pyramid from his Egyptian excursion.

 

 How the Earth’s Metronome Keeps Us On Beat: The metronome is a device that ticks off regular beats with adjustable speed controls. Although the possibility exists that it could have been older, it made its appearance circa 1812 in the pyramid shape.  Beethoven was the first notable composer to use it. I believe there is a cause and effect between Napoleon’s incursion into Egypt and the pyramidal shape and use of the metronome. He brought 150 savants with him to capture the Egyptian culture, knowledge and history on July 1, 1798. In 1809 the first of their multitude of volumes entitled Description of Egypt were published.

THE GREAT PYRAMID IS EARTH’S TIMEPIECE

As Plato learned about the five regular polyhedrons from  tradition in Egypt, so did the savants of Napoleon. The octahedron, pictured below, is a combination of two pyramids;  one pointing up that is attached by a square base to one pointing down. I believe a skilled technician can built a useful clock that describes the 1,440 minutes of our day from a mirrored pyramid, also called an octahedron. . Here’s how it works:
  • Each vertex of each regular triangle contains 60 degrees, as every hour holds 60 minutes.
  • There are 12 vertexes of 60 degrees each above the square base, which would correspond to the 12 hours on the average of daylight on our planet.
  • There are 12 vertexes of 60 degrees each below the square base, which would correspond to an average 12 hours of night on our planet.
  •  As there are 1,440 minutes in a day; an octahedron has 1,440 degrees at 60 degrees with each vertex of its 24 triangles.
  • Although the Great Pyramid, analyzed by Napoleon’s savants, is only the top half of the octahedron; given the background of Egypt, the implied bottom half  completes the octahedron.

My conclusion is based on deduction and intuition

  •  The Earth’s timing is modeled on the octahedron of which the model pyramid, the Great Pyramid of Egypt, is an upper manifestation of a square base pyramid. A the Heremtic saying goes: “God is a geometer”.
  • Both the metronome and the Great Pyramid were conceived as timing devices. Since the free standing metronome was built during the disseminating of knowledge of the pyramid by Napoleon’s savants, it is only natural that it would assume the shape of a pyramid- which had maintained for over 100 years.
  •  Musicians- although some freedom in musical tempo in the right places is definitely desirable, don’t hesitate to make an old fashioned metronome your companion when practicing.
Regular Octahedron
Octahedron.jpg

 

Beethoven: His Fibonacci Fifth

Beethoven: His Fibonacci Fifth: Most of the world, I hope, knows of Beethoven and his 5th Symphony with its famous opening four note motif- a quick rhythmic repetition of four notes with a repetition on a different tone.  In contrast, few know who Fibonacci was and the numerical system that was named after him.{\clef treble \key c \minor \time 2/4 {r8 g'8[ g'8 g'8] | ees'2\fermata | r8 f'8[ f'8 f'8] | d'2~ | d'2\fermata | } }

We are about to tie Beethoven and Fibonacci together. Now who was Fibonacci? Leonardo Bonacci (c. 1170 – c. 1250)—known as Fibonacci (Italian: [fiboˈnattʃi]), and also Leonardo of Pisa, Leonardo Pisano Bigollo, Leonardo Fibonacci—was an Italian mathematician, considered to be “the most talented Western mathematician of the Middle Ages”. Before I tie the two together, here is another question: Most musical motifs and phrases come in either in two or four bars of music. Beethoven deliberately set his musical motif in five. He could have simply placed another bird’s eye (which hold the note longer and is called  a fermata) on the “D” in the fourth bar, but  he adds a fifth bar and places the “bird’s eye” over that note. It’s Leonardo Bonacci to the rescue.

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Leonardo Bonacci who was born 600 years before Beethoven. The Fibonacci series, named after him. is colored in red.

 

Leonardo Bonacci recorded an ancient series of numbers which not only explains biological growth, galaxies and even shows us when to invest in the stock market. Stock brokers study this principle which I will blog about in the future. Since “0” is not a number, starting with one, we see that 5 is the fifth number. Now. at this point  you have every right to say, that’s just a silly co-incidence with Beethoven’s 5th.  My source is Trudi Hammel Garland in, Fascinating Fibonaccis: Mystey and Magic in Numbers: With the opening 5 bar motif given above, the “A” section of the 1st movement is 233 bars long. The “B” section, also known as the development, is 377 bars long.

BEETHOVEN’S DELIBERATE USE OF THE FIBONACCI NUMBERS

Behind Leonardo Bonacci’s back, the highest red number is 55. Each new number is the sum of the preceding two. Number 34 precedes 55. So, let’s continue the series: 34 + 55 = 89. Next, 55 + 89 = 144. Next 89 + 144 = 233 (the length of Beethoven’s opening section). Next 144 + 233 = 377 (which  the length of Beethoven’s development section). Beethoven, being the brilliant genius that he was, knew exactly what he was doing. When we listen to the symphony it sounds so natural; but can you imagine how he must have struggled to make the bar length come out right and still sound like that’s how it should be? Leonard Bernstein says of Beethoven and the 1st movement in The Joy of Music: “he will give away his life just to make sure that one note follows another inevitably.” In conclusion, I think that in addition to an even greater appreciation of Beethoven, we have graphic proof the relationship between music and numbers; and why piano lessons, music theory and composition increase aptitude for mathematics.

 

 

Beethoven Enlarged Everything

Beethoven Enlarged Everything. He almost single-handed crossed the threshold in music from the Classical era to the Romantic era while clearing the path for the rest of the world to follow. For example, in his 5th Symphony his feelings of jubilation were so great in the 4th movement, that he added a piccolo, contrabassoon, and three trombones to the standard orchestra. It was the first time that trombones took their place in the orchestral family. Also, the extreme registers were pushed further than ever before by the piccolo and contrabassoon.

In the 9th Symphony, the limits are pushed even further. Not only does he use the piccolo, contrabassoon and three trombones again, but he adds the triangle, cymbals, timpani and bass drums for special effects. But still Beethoven was not happy with the limited sound. He added four solo voices and a four part choir. The reinforced musicians and chorus joined forces to point to Beethoven’s vision of a better world: Beethoven used his text from Schiller’s “Ode to Joy”.  As a result, he is credited with bringing in the modern orchestra with its large tonal capabilities. Also his symphonies and concertos were on a greater scale than any of his predecessors. He vastly increased the use of the orchestra in his last three piano concertos,Concerto for Violin, Cello and Piano and for his Violin Concerto. The orchestra was elevated to the status of a symphonic partner.

Beethoven was always looking for a more massive sound. He would move from one concert hall to the next in Vienna for this quest. He premiered his 9th symphony  at Vienna’s Karthnertor Theater because it was somewhat larger than the Esterhazy chapel he was using.  Instruments were often pushed to their acoustic limits in order to create the sound he wanted. He was also notorious for breaking strings on pianos, which required that  better pianos be built. By the way, Beethoven invented the technique of the prepared thumb; which my teacher, Mischa Kottler, learned from a linage of teachers going back to Beethoven. I teach this technique to my own piano students. As I  will be posting a youtube video of Debussy’s piano music; you will be able to observe this technique. Release date to be announced.

Portrait of Beethoven by Michel Katzaroff, early 1930s
Portrait of Beethoven by Michel Katzaroff, early 1930s

What Makes a Super Hit Song?

WHAT MAKES A SUPER  HIT SONG?

What Makes a Super Hit Song? Simplicity. Sometimes barren simplicity. An entire song or section of a song might only use two different harmonies. Being a piano teacher for decades, I can share some of my observations. Everyone loves the Beethoven superhit, Fur Elise.  Many wanted piano lessons only to learn this song. Some beginners would beg me to teach it to them by rote. The entire 1st section only uses two triads, E major and A minor The melody develops out of this basic harmony. Another great piano classic that only uses two different chords inspired many of my students over the years: Maleguena by Ernesto Lecouna. Some of my older male students were willing to work for years to master the music. It also was a favorite of Liberace

EXAMPLES OF SUPER HIT SONGS

Other super hit songs have used mostly two harmonies, and perhaps in a rare measure, a third. Among them are Music Box dancer by Frank Mills, Achy Breaky Heart music by Don Von Tress, Camptown Races by Stephen Foster and numerous American Folk Songs  including Mary Had a Little Lamb, Skip to My Lou and- Row, Row, Row Your Boat. I think that there is something about simplicity to assures us that everything is going to be okay. At least in our minds, we can kind of become a child again.

LEONARD BERNSTEIN’S  JOY OF MUSIC

What Makes a Super Hit Song? Simple is not only difficult, it is also an art, a great talent.  Leonard Bernstein, in his Joy of music, discusses a luncheon date he had with his Personal Manager. His manager complained that even though his show had been running for 5 months (title of show not mentioned), there were no hits in it. At any rate, Bernstein rued the fact that he wrote a symphony before he ever wrote a popular song. George Gershwin, on the other hand, wrote popular songs as easily as breathing. Bernstein said in his Joy of Music that Gershwin had the magic touch. In contrast, he with a friend tried writing a simple song for over an hour. They simply gave up in despair. Bernstein concluded that he and Gershwin grew up on the opposite side of the tracks. Gershwin was a song writer who became a serious composer. Bernstein wrote that he was a serious composer that could not become a songwriter. Naturally, I highly recommend Bernstein’s book: