Characteristic Cousins are Found in Two Number Squares. Number squares all have characteristic or featured numbers. The list below describes some of these. First, consider the 5 x 5.
- It is the sum of numbers 1 -25 = 325.
- Any straight row of five numbers totals 65.
- Any two opposite numbers equals 26.
- The perimeter equals 208. The perimeter is the outside square casing.
- The one central number is 13.
Now consider the larger 8 x 8 in the featured picture:
- The sum of all the numbers 1 – 64 = 2080.
- Any straight row of 8 numbers totals 260.
- Any two opposite numbers = 65.
- The perimeter equals = 910.
- The four central numbers total 130
Mars and Mercury Are Characteristic Cousins by ancient use of number Squares
Somehow the 5 x 5 was attributed to Mars. The 8 x 8 called on Mercury. To us today, this seems mysterious.
Characteristic Cousins All Over the Place
Zero was considered to be a synthetic number in antiquity. Read the internal link below.
With this in mind look at the common characteristic numbers between these two squares. First, I should mention they are both Fibonacci numbers: Five and eight are part of the series that grow by addition of consecutive numbers: 1,1,2, 3, 5, 8,13,21,34… etc. Hence, their number squares also belong to this same series. These number squares defined key ancient buildings. For this post let’s look some of the common numbers:
- On the 5 x 5 any straight row of five numbers totals 65. On the 8 x 8 any two opposite numbers = 65.
- On the 5 x 5 any two opposite numbers totals 260. On the 8 x 8 any row totals 260.
- The central number on the 5 x 5 is 13. The perimeter around the 8 x 8 is the sum of the numbers 1 through 13 =91 and then multiplied by 10. It duplicates becomes the total of the 910 perimeter around the 8 x 8.
The point is: The designers of Stonehenge and the Great Pyramid both knew and drew on this. More in future posts.