Space Came 1st -Time, 2nd -in the Ancient View. Antiquity was guided by number squares and their centers. a magic square^{[1]} is an square grid. “n” is the number of cells on each side. filled with distinct positive integers. Each cell contains a different integer whose in each row, column and diagonal is equal.^{[2]}Below are the primary squares. They range from 3 x 3 to 9 x 9. Higher number (magic) squares were also used. All oddly number squares have only one number at the center. Even centers have four numbers. Note that single numbers 5 and 13 are at the center of the 3 x 3 and 5 x 5 respectively. The even number square has 4 numbers at the center. They are 7.6.11 and 10. The odd numbered square of 5 x 5 again has only one number at the center. It is number 13. Thus, the 3 x 3 and 4 x 4 set the pattern. Higher number squares all repeat the pattern. The nature of number squares provides the key to how ancients analyzed space-time.

Time is cyclic and fourfold in nature. I explain this in the internal links below.

Space is at the core of reality. It is also infinite. The 3 x 3 magic square is central. Its opposite numbers always equal 10. These tens grow into infinity by a formula given in the internal link. Time is distinctly fourfold in nature. Fourfold is at the core of cycles which gives shape to time. See links above. The 4 x 4 number square of Jupiter sets this fourfold pattern for time. In the ancient view, since the 3 x 3 number square precedes the 4 x 4, space comes 1st.

Cycles Part Two on How They Affect People. Since at least Neolithic times, builders of civilizations sought to counter the harmful effect cycles can have as they hit their peak. Basically they used a process that I call “transfer.” They transferred the effects of cyclic activity to a distinct physical plane. Often this took the form of a circle divided into four parts. There are many examples of how the Neolithic culture applied their knowledge of cycles. In this regard they were far more advanced than we are today in the 21st century. Here are a few classifications that pertain to business in the 21st century.

The cycle is low. The spiral is unwound. Everything is relaxed.

The cycle winds up. Things begin to tighten

The cyclic peak is reached. That equates with maximum trouble and chaos.

The cycle unwinds. Things go back to being relaxed.

Cycles part two continued: Newton was quite familiar with ancient Egyptian writings. His friend, editor and publisher, Edmond Halley, who, in his 1705 Synopsis of the Astronomy of Comets, used Newton’s new laws to calculate the gravitational effects of Jupiter and Saturn on cometary orbits.^{[22]} This calculation enabled him to determine that the orbital elements of a second comet that had appeared in 1682. They were nearly the same as those of two comets that had appeared in 1531 (observed by Petrus Apianus) and 1607 (observed by Johannes Kepler).^{[22]} Halley thus concluded that all three comets were the same object returning about every 76 years. The period actually varies between 74–79 years. ^{}

Cycles are found from the vast dimensions of the Universe to the microscopic world of the atom. Of course they are also attached to the life processes on Earth. Here are some examples:

Galaxies rotate around their centers. The Milky Way takes 200 million years to complete a rotation.

The Sun rotates around its axis every 25 Earth days.

Comets have a regular elliptical orbit.

Meteor showers take place regularly on certain days of the year.

The Moon varies in an illumination cycle every 27 days.

The Moon produces high tide cycles every 12½ hours.

I will continue to blog on such topics until we can all initiate a new era of peace and plenty. I believe that is in the making. It is called: A Golden Age.