Space Came 1st -Time, 2nd -in the Ancient View. Antiquity was guided by number squares and their centers. a **magic square**^{[1]} is an square grid. “n” is the number of cells on each side. filled with distinct positive integers. Each cell contains a different integer whose in each row, column and diagonal is equal.^{[2]}Below are the *primary* squares. They range from 3 x 3 to 9 x 9. Higher number (magic) squares were also used. All oddly number squares have only one number at the center. Even centers have four numbers. Note that single numbers 5 and 13 are at the center of the 3 x 3 and 5 x 5 respectively. The even number square has 4 numbers at the center. They are 7.6.11 and 10. The odd numbered square of 5 x 5* again* has only one number at the center. It is number 13. Thus, the 3 x 3 and 4 x 4 set the pattern. Higher number squares all repeat the pattern. The nature of number squares provides the key to how ancients analyzed space-time.

Time is cyclic and fourfold in nature. I explain this in the internal links below.