Measurement Message from Altamira 11,000 B.C.- Under the name **Cave of Altamira** 18 caves are grouped together northern Spain. They represent the apogee of Upper Paleolithic cave art in Europe. This was between 35,000 and 11,000 years ago (Aurignacian, Gravettian, Solutrean, Magdalenian, Azilian). Collectively, the caves were designated as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 2008.

The Painted Hall of the Altamira Cave houses houses a prehistoric gallery. It was discovered in 1868. Since then, the floor has been lowered. This was to study the painted animals on the low ceiling at the time of the discovery. The floor measures 60 feet in length to 30 feet in width. My source for the dimensions is* The Atlas of Legendary Places* by James Harpur and Jennifer Westwood. The 12″ foot is the intended unit of measure. In fact, this now called “English” foot dates back to an indeterminable distant past. At the British Museum you can find several examples of a cubic inch of gold. It was the standard of weight ancient Greece, Babylon, and Egypt. Here’s how a segmented foot appears on the cube:

- A cube has 12 edges.
- Twelve edges of one inch per side = 12″= 1 foot.

### Measurement Message from the 60 x 30 foot foundation of the Painted Hall

- Musicians will most likely notice the 2 to 1 ratio of the floor’s proportions. These same proportions were recommended by Pythagoras. 10.500 years later this Greek philosopher stated the same ratio, after the unison, was most harmonious : The perfect interval of not the same tone (unison) and 1st overtone is the octave. It vibrates in a 2:1 ratio. The designers of the cave exhibition most likely knew this.

1:1 (unison),

2:1 (octave),

3:2 (perfect fifth),

4:3 (perfect fourth),

5:4 (major third),

6:5 (minor third).

- Its measure is the product of basic consecutive numbers. 5 x 6 = 30 (the width in feet). 3 x 4 x 5 = 60 (the length in feet). Very important: The formula for the megalithic yard uses all fives and sixes: (5 x 6) ÷ ( 5 + 6) = 2.727272… One megalithic yard is 2.72 feet. The builders of the Great Hall of Altamira knew this.
- 2nd factor uses 3,4,5 as 3 x 4 x 5 = 60. Numbers 3, 4 and 5 are the basis of the Pythagorean Theorem: 3² x 4² = 5². Also, look at the musical intervals above. These 3,4, and 5 factors figure into these basic harmonious intervals: 4:3 = perfect fourth. 5:4 = the major third.

## Megalithic Measure Survives in Unexpected Ways

## Marduk and His Temple are a Billboard for Measure

- The diagonal of the 30 x 60 rectangle would be 67 feet. The perimeter around this first half triangle is :30 + 60 + 67 = 157 feet. This figure (157) is one half of the pi figure of 314 made by the triangles made from a diagonal in a rectangle.

Conclusion: The wisdom of a lost civilization is preserved in measure at the **Cave of Altamira. **Perhaps the builders and artists were the survivors of Atlantis? Measurement message and music message are there. Of course, that the advanced artwork is there is a given!